Shanghai Civil Litigation Lawyer

As Shanghai litigation lawyer, we would like to introduct some aspects of civil lawsuits and appeals knowledge. If you need advice about your civil lawsuit or are looking for information about the civil litigation process, look here for articles, answers and resources on topics relating to civil lawsuits: civil procedure, subpoenas, damages, alternative dispute resolution, and more.

Civil lawsuits are claims in which one person, company or entity sues another. There are a few fundamental differences between civil and criminal law. First, civil lawsuits are not brought by a prosecutor, district attorney or agent of the state, but instead are brought by a regular person or individual representing an entity (like a corporation) who believes he or she was wronged. Second, the penalties sought in civil lawsuits are generally limited to monetary penalties, as opposed to criminal cases that can lead to jail time for the defendant. There are special rules of court procedure associated with civil lawsuits that dictate how such cases will progress as well as what evidence is admissible and what must be proven for a plaintiff or a defendant to win. To learn more about the process of litigation and civil lawsuits, visit the links to articles and frequently asked questions on this page.

If you are involved in the appeals process and need reliable advice, look here for articles, answers and resources on topics related to appeals such as when an appeal is possible, what laws govern the process, what the various steps of the appeals process involve, and how to approach your appeals case.

Appeals are possible in both criminal and civil cases, although only a defendant may appeal in a criminal trial while either a plaintiff or defendant can appeal after a civil suit. When an appeal occurs, the person requesting the appeal (the appellant) asks a higher court to take a look at what was done in the original trial and to determine whether the outcome was proper based on court rules and application of the law. Appeals can be either de novo or deferential. A de novo appeal involves the higher court looking at the case with fresh eyes, while a deferential appeal involves the higher court looking only at whether legal or procedural errors were made and not at findings of fact. There is a specific process for appeals that is very different from the initial phase of litigation. To learn more about this process and the rules governing appellate litigation, see the links to answers and articles on this page.

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